Tuesday, August 23, 2011

Pioneer Preserving Recipes (Continued)

Back up north, to Michigan Dutch country, "Recipes of Holland Ancestry."  "Little Holland" lies in the central western part of the state.  Where soup is "soep," cookies are "koekjes" and we began to welcome our now-beloved Pannekoeken.

Uncle Henry's Pickled Cherries
Serve with poultry and meats.

1 quart cherries

Pit cherries.
Place into a large crock and cover with weak vinegar.
Let stand 8 days, stirring twice each day.
On the ninth day drain off vinegar.
Add 1 pint sugar for each pint of cherries.
Let stand 8 more days, stirring twice each day.
Fill sterilized jars and seal.

Roode Krenten Conserf
(Current Conserve)

2 1/2 quarts red currants
1 1/2 pounds raisins
4 large oranges

Chop currants.
Grind raisins and oranges.
Add to currants.
Weigh fruit and add equal amount of sugar.
Cook until thick, stirring.
Fill sterilized jars and seal.
Makes about 4 1/2 pints.

Peren Conserf
(Pear Preserves)

5 pounds pears
1 pound seedless raisins
1 lemon
1 pound dried figs
5 pounds sugar

Force all the fruit through a food chopper.
Add sugar.
Cook until thick, stirring.
Fill sterilized jars and seal.
Makes 5 pints.

Strawberry Jam

2 cups large, firm strawberries
2 cups sugar

Wash strawberries.
Hull and measure.
Place a layer of strawberries in a kettle, then a layer of sugar repeat until all ingredients are used.
Let stand overnight or until sugar dissolves.
Bring slowly to a boil and cook 10 minutes.
Pour into a bowl to let stand until next day.
Fill sterilized jars and seal. 
Makes about 1 pint.

The "Mississippi Valley" with it's  "Midwestern Recipes" is ubiquitous in the wondrous display of ingredients throughout.

Dandelion Flower Wine

4 quarts dandelion flowers
4 quarts boiling water
1 cake yeast
3 pounds sugar
3 oranges, diced
3 lemons, diced

Select fresh flowers, removing all stems.
Pour boiling water over flowers.
Let stand 3 days.
Add remaining ingredients.
Let stand 3 weeks until fermented.
Bottle and seal.
Makes 8 pints.

Walnut Mead

3 1/2 pounds honey
1 gallon water
24 walnuts leaves
1 yeast cake

Boil honey and water 45 minutes.
Pour, boiling hot, over walnut leaves.
Let stand overnight.
Remove leaves.
Add yeast.
Cover with over sized lid.
Let stand 2-3 days.
Cover tightly.
Let stand 3 months.

Pickled Green Beans
The same syrup may be used for pickling cooked whole baby beets or sliced beets, with the addition of a bay leaf and 1/8 teaspoon of cinnamon.

1 cup strong vinegar
1 cup water
1 cup sugar
1/8 teaspoon salt
hot, cooked whole green beans

Boil first four ingredients 2 minutes.
Pour over beans.
Place into sterilized jars and seal.

Corn Relish

2 dozen ears corn
1/2 head cabbage
2 quarts green tomatoes
6 carrots
6 small onions
2 cucumbers
2 green peppers, seeded
1 cup chopped celery
2 quarts vinegar
2 cups sugar
1/2 cup salt
1/2 teaspoon dry mustard
1/2 teaspoon turmeric
1/8 teaspoon cayenne

Cut corn from ears.
Force cabbage, tomatoes, carrots, onions, cucumbers, and peppers through food chopper.
Combine all vegetables.
Add half the vinegar.
Combine remaining ingredients, including vinegar.
Add to vegetables.
Bring to a boil.
Reduce heat and simmer 40 minutes.
Fill 10 pint sterilized jars and seal.

Chicago Hot Relish

1/2 peck ripe tomatoes
1 cup finely chopped onion
2 green peppers, chopped
1 hot red pepper, chopped
1 1/2 cups chopped celery
1 cup sugar
4 Tablespoons salt
3 cups cider vinegar
1/2 cup mustard seed
2 Tablespoon nutmeg
2 teaspoon cinnamon
1 teaspoon cloves

Chop tomatoes fine.
Drain excess juices.
Mix with onion, peppers, and celery.
Dissolve sugar and salt in vinegar.
Ad with mustard seed and spices to vegetables.
Mix well.
Seal in sterilized jars.
Makes about 4 quarts.

Spiced Gooseberries

5 pounds ripe gooseberries
4 pounds brown sugar
2 cups vinegar
2 Tablespoons cloves
3 teaspoons cinnamon
3 teaspoons allspice

Wash gooseberries and pick over.
Combine with remaining ingredients.
Cook slowly until thick.
Pour into sterilized jars and seal.
Makes about 5 pints.

Barberry Jelly

2 quarts barberries
1/2 cup water

Gather berries after first frost.
Stem, wash, and add water.
Cook until soft.
Mash and strain through a jelly bag.
Measure juice.
Boil juice, uncovered, 5 minutes.
Add equal quantity of sugar and boil until it sheets off the spoon.
Pour into sterilized jars and seal.
Makes about 2 1/2 pints

Afternoon Delight, by Linda Apple

Sun-Made Cherry Preserves

1 pint pitted cherries
2 cups sugar

Cook cherries with sugar for 8 minutes.
Spread in a shallow pan.
Cover with cheesecloth.
Set in sunshine.
When thick, brig to a boil.
Pour into sterilized jars and seal.
Makes about 12 ounces.

photo by Robin Kerber

Ground Cherry Preserves

3 pints ground cherries
3 cups water
1 1/2 cups sugar
1/3 cup lemon juice

Remove husks from ground cherries and wash.
Boil water, sugar, and lemon juice for 5 minutes, or until clear.
Add ground cherries and simmer until clear and tender.
Seal immediately in sterilized jars, filling with syrup.
Makes about 3 1/2 pints.

Curran Berries, by Svelana Novikova

Currant Jelly

5 pounds currants
1/2 cup water

Wash and pick over currants.
Heat with the water while mashing with potato masher.
Turn into jelly bag and allow to drip.
Add 1 pound sugar for every pint of juice.
Boil until jelly sheets off the spoon, about 20 minutes.
Pour into sterilized jars and seal.
Makes about 3 pints.

American Persimmon Butter

2 quarts American persimmon pulp
1 cup orange juice

Cook pulp and orange juice in a double boiler until thick.
Add 3/4 cup sugar for each cup of pulp.
Continue cooking until desired consistency is reached.
Pour into sterilized jars and seal.
Makes about 3 pints.

Peach Butter

6 pounds peaches
5 pounds sugar
3 teaspoons cinnamon
1 1/3 teaspoon cloves

Scald peaches, remove skins and pits.
Force through course knife of food chopper.
For each cup of fruit add 1 cup sugar.
Add spices.
Simmer until thick, about 2 1/2 hours, stirring.
Pour into sterilized jars and seal.
Makes about 2 quarts.

Summer Preserves, by Eric Barjot

Currant and Cherry Preserves

2 quarts currants
3 pounds sugar (6 cups)
4 pounds cherries, pitted
2 pounds seedless raisins

Crush currants.
Cover and simmer until soft.
Strain through cheesecloth or jelly bag.
Boil with sugar 20 minutes, stirring.
Add cherries and raisins.
Cook until thick.
Pour into sterilized jars and seal.
Makes about 6 pints.

Old-Fashioned Plum Butter

6 pounds damson plums
3 pounds seedless raisins
5 oranges
4-5 pounds sugar
1 pound walnuts, chopped

Pit plums.
Cover with water and cook soft.
Add raisins, orange pulp, and sugar.
Cook smooth and thick.
Add nuts.
Cook 12-15 minutes longer.
Pour into sterilized jars and seal.
Makes about 6 pints.

Mint Jelly

1/2 cup mint leaves
3 cups sugar
1/4 cup water
1 quart apple juice
green vegetable food coloring

Wash mint and chop fine.
Add 2 Tablespoons sugar and water.
Let stand overnight.
Bring to a boil.
Combine remaining sugar (2 7/8 cup) and tart apple juice.
Cook until it sheets off spoon.
Add green food coloring.
Pour into sterilized jars and seal.
Makes about 2 1/2 pints.

Next my cook book takes us up to my neck of the woods, first Wisconsin then Minnesota.  See you there!  (Or rather, here!)

Pioneer Preserving Recipes (Continued)

Next up, like I promised, is the "Pennsylvania Dutch: of Stolid Country" .  Much of these originating from the Palatinate in Germany (South Rhineland).  Don't forget to set your table with "Seven Sweets and Seven Sours"!

Apricot Wine

1 pound dried apricots
4 quarts warm water
1/2 cake yeast
6 1/2 cups granulated sugar
2 1/2 cups brown sugar
1 1/2 cup seedless raisins
2 lemons, sliced thin
2 oranges, sliced thin
1 Tablespoon ginger

Wash apricots in several waters.
Dry and cut into halves.
Place into a large crock.
Pour warm water over them, reserving 1/2 cup to soften yeast.
Stir in the sugars, fruit, and ginger.
Add softened yeast.
Mix well.
Cover and let stand 30 days, stirring every other day..
Strain and bottle.

A drink almost as old as history.  The name derives from the ancient word for "honey."  This recipe dates from about 1818.

40 pounds honey  (15 quarts)
10 gallons water
7 1/2 ounces hops or 15 yeast cakes
1 quart brandy or sack (wine)

Add honey to water and boil 45 minutes.
Add hops and boil 30 minutes longer.
If yeast is used, cool honey and water to lukewarm and crumble yeast into it.
Let stand overnight.
Add brandy or sack.
Pour into cask.
Cover with an over sized lid and let stand until fermentation is complete.
Then cover tightly and seal.
Let stand one year before bottling.

Raspberry Vinegar

4 pounds raspberries
2 cups vinegar
brandy (optional)

Mash berries.
Add vinegar.
Let stand 4 days, stirring daily.
To each cup of liquid add 1 cup of sugar.
Bring to a boil and cook 20 minutes.
Add 1 glass of brandy per quart.

Dill Pickles

10 quarts water
2 cups salt
1 quart vinegar
4 Tablespoons pepper
1 1/2 peck cucumbers
5 stalks dill

Make a brine with first 4 ingredients.
Bring to a boil.
Fill crock with cucumbers, placing dill between layers.
Add hot brine.
A slice of onion or garlic may be added to the boiling liquid.
Cover crock and let stand several days before using.
Preserved in jars, this makes about 3 gallons.

seckle pear

Pickled Seckle Pears

14 pounds Seckle pears
1 teaspoon stick cinnamon, broken into pieces
1 teaspoon whole cloves
1 quart cider vinegar
6 pounds sugar

Any good preserving pear may be used.
Peel pears, slice and remove core (or pickle whole).
Ties spices in cheesecloth.
Add to vinegar and sugar.
Bring to a boil.
Add pears.
Cook until tender.
Remove them with a spoon.
Fill sterilized jars.
Boil syrup until thick.
Pour over pears.
Makes about 6 quarts.

Tomato Mincemeat

8 quarts green tomatoes
2 lemons
4 pounds brown sugar
2 pounds seeded raisins
1 Tablespoon salt
2 teaspoons cloves
1 teaspoon allspice
1 Tablespoon cinnamon
1 teaspoon ginger
1/2 teaspoon mace
1 cup vinegar

Scald and peel tomatoes.
Put through food chopper with the lemons.
Add sugar, raisins, salt, spices, and vinegar.
Cook over low heat about 45 minutes.
Pour into sterilized jars and seal.
Makes about 6 quarts.

(Ripe cucumber pickle)

12 large ripe cucumbers
1/2 cup salt
4 1/2 cups water
6 cups sugar
1 quart vinegar
2 Tablespoons mustard seeds
1 Tablespoon whole cloves
1 stick cinnamon

Wash cucumbers.
Peel and cut into halves lengthwise, removing seeds.
Let stand 12 hours or overnight in brine of the salt and water.
Bring sugar, vinegar and spices (tied in cheesecloth) to a boil.
Add cucumbers.
Boil until cucumbers begin to look transparent, but are still crisp.
Fill sterilized jars and seal.
Makes 3 quarts.

Mustard Pickles

2 heads cauliflower
2 quarts small white onions
1/2 dozen green peppers
2 quarts green tomatoes
1 cup salt
1 cup flour
1 1/2 cups sugar
1/2 pound dry mustard
2 Tablespoons celery seed
1/2 ounce turmeric
3 quarts white vinegar

Separate cauliflower into florets.
Peel onions and slice.
Remove seeds from peppers, and slice fine.
Slice tomatoes.
Combine all ingredients above.
Cover with salt and let stand overnight.
Drain, rinse thoroughly with boiling water until all vegetables are scalded.
Blend flour, sugar and spices.
Heat vinegar and pour slowly over the mixture, stirring.
Cook over low heat until thickened.
Combine with hot vegetables.
Fill sterilized jars and seal.
Makes 12 pints.

Pickled Red Cabbage

4 quarts thinly sliced red cabbage
4 teaspoons salt
2 quarts weak vinegar
1/2 cup sugar
1 Tablespoon celery seed
1/2 teaspoon pepper
1/2 teaspoon mace
1/2 teaspoon mace
1/2 teaspoon allspice
1/2 teaspoon cinnamon

Shred cabbage fine.
Sprinkle generously with salt.
Let stand in a cool place 30 hours.
Place in the sun for several hours.
Combine vinegar and remaining ingredients.
Boil for 7 minutes.
Pour over cabbage.
Fill stone jars.
Cover and store in a cool place.
Makes about 4 quarts.

Pepper Relish

16 sweet red peppers
16 sweet green peppers
10 small onions
boiling water
1 quart sour vinegar
1 1/2 cups sugar
2 1/2 teaspoons salt

Finely chop first three ingredients.
Pour boiling water over them, let stand 5 minutes.
Cover again with boiling water, let stand 10 minutes.
Pour into a muslin bag and drain overnight.
Add remaining ingredients.
Boil 20 minutes.
While hot, pour into sterilized jars and seal.
Makes about 3 pints.

(Moselem Springs apple butter)

4 quarts apples
2 quarts water
1 1/2 quarts cider
1 1/2 pounds sugar
1 teaspoon cinnamon
1 teaspoon allspice
1 teaspoon cloves

Wash apples and slice into small bits.
Cover with water and boil soft.
Press through a sieve to remove skins and seeds.
Bring cider to a boil.
Add apple pulp and sugar.
Cook until thickened, stirring.
Add spices, cook 20 minutes longer.
Fill 3 sterilized quart jars and seal.

Ginger Tomato Preserves

6 pounds green tomatoes
2 pounds red tomatoes
5 pounds granulated sugar
1 teaspoon whole cloves
3 pieces ginger root
3 lemons, sliced

Scald tomatoes.
Peel and cut into quarters.
Add remaining ingredients.
Bring to a boil.
Reduce heat and cook slowly until thick.
Fill 8 sterilized pint jars and seal.

Lebanon County Rhubarb Jam

2 1/2 pounds rhubarb'1 1/2 pounds sugar
1/2 cup water
2 oranges (rind and juice)

Wash rhubarb and cut into small pieces.
Add sugar and cold water.
Grate rind of oranges and add to rhubarb.
Add orange juice and cook for 30 minutes, stirring.
Fill sterilized jars and seal.
Makes about 2 pints.

Now we're travelling way down to "Creole, Sophisticated Cuisine."  New Orleans Creole recipes are influenced by the French and Spanish, using native ingredients.

Brandied Peaches

4 pounds peaches
4 pounds sugar
3 1/2 cups water
1 egg white
1 pint white brandy

Pare peaches. 
Insert 2 cloves into each whole peach.
Make a syrup of the sugar and water.
Add egg white, beaten to a froth.
Add fruit, one layer at a time.
Boil 5 minutes.
Pack into sterilized jars.
Boil syrup about 10 minutes, until thickened.
Remove from heat.
Add brandy.
Pour over fruit.
Seal immediately.
Age improves flavor.
Makes 5 pints.

Tutti Frutti
Served over vanilla ice cream this is an epicurean delight.

1 cup brandy
7 cups sugar
1 cup ripe strawberries
1 cup raspberries
1 cup diced fresh apricots
1 cup diced fresh peaches
1 cup pitted cherries
1 cup diced fresh pineapple
1 cup diced fresh plums

Pour brandy into a stone jar.
Add 1 cup sugar and 1 cup ripe strawberries.
Stir thoroughly.
Add fruits when each is in season, with 1 cup sugar for each cup of fruit.
No more brandy is indicated.
Be sure to stir at each addition.
This may also be used as a preserve.
Makes 5 pints.

This is delicious served with cream cheese and crackers.

2 quarts currants
4 cups sugar
1 1/2 cups water

Wash currants and pick from stems.
Combine sugar and water.
Boil 8 minutes.
Add currants.
Cook 15 minutes.
Pour into sterilized glasses and seal.
Makes 3 pints.

Conserve Fleurs D'Oranges et de Roses
(Orange Flower and Rose Preserves)

2 Tablespoons powdered orange petals
1/2 cup boiling water
3 cups sugar
8 Tablespoons rose water

Steep the petals in distilled water for 10 minutes.
Add sugar.
Simmer over moderate heat.
Add rose water.
Continue cooking until very thick.
Makes 6 ounces.

Red Pepper, by Sarah Lynch

Red Pepper Jam

20 sweet peppers
2 teaspoons salt
6 cups granulated sugar
1 quart cider vinegar

Wash peppers.
Cut in half and remove seeds.
Chop fine.
Sprinkle with salt.
Let stand 5 hours.
Place into kettle.
Add sugar and vinegar.
Simmer to consistency of jam.
Pour into sterilized jars and seal.
Makes about 2 pints.

Conserve de Violettes
(Violet Preserves) 
I'm reading that they have a mild sweet-tart flavor, akin to new peas.  Sounds lovely!

2 ounces freshly gathered violet petals
1/2 cup boiling water
3 cups sugar

Steep violet petals in distilled water for 10 minutes.
Pound violet petals into a paste.
Add sugar.
Cook until thick.
Pour into sterilized jar and seal.
Makes 6 ounces.

Next We'll travel back up to Michigan where we find "Uncle Henry's Pickled Cherries," then over and down to the Mississippi Valley and Dandelion Flower Wine.  I look forward to hearing about some of your old-time recipe stories! 

Pioneer Preserving Recipes

This is my "new" cook book, c.1947.  Ive had such fun discovering old- and new-world recipes from long ago.  We can learn so much about our regional histories through these old recipes. 
"Syrup" is spelled "sirup" and there's recipes for rabbit, a dozen gumbos and livers, hearts and kidneys. I'm not tempted by every ingredient, but I love some of the names they use, like "Burgoo", "Cowboy Crumb" and "Eggs Fairlee".  Still, I do appreciate the proficiency with which our early brethren did sup.

In keeping with the season of preservation, I'm thrilled to share some of these old recipes with my stalwart sisters.  I'll spike this up with spirited beverage recipes, as well.  Have fun, ladies!

The book starts with "New England, The Cradle of American Cookery".  

Kennebunk Pickle
(A Pioneer Recipe)

2 pounds fresh green tomatoes
2 pounds fresh red tomatoes
1 small head cabbage
2 sweet red peppers
2 green peppers
3/4 quart onions
1 bunch celery
6 Tablespoons salt
1 quart white vinegar
3 cups brown sugar
1 3-inch stick cinnamon
1 teaspoon whole cloves
1 teaspoon dry mustard

Chop vegetables very fine. 
Add salt and let stand overnight.
Add vinegar and brown sugar.
Tie cinnamon, cloves and mustard in cheesecloth.
Boil everything together for 30 minutes.
Remove cheesecloth bag.
Pour into sterilized jars and seal.
Makes 5 quarts.

Cranberry Catchup

2 1/2 pounds cranberries
5 cups vinegar
2 1/2 cups sugar
2 Tablespoons cinnamon
1 teaspoon cloves

Cook cranberries in vinegar until they burst open.
Rub through a sieve.
Add sugar and spices.
Simmer until thick.
Seal in sterilized jars.
Makes 3 pints.

Spiced Blueberries

2 quarts blueberries
1/2 vinegar
1 teaspoon cinnamon
1/2 teaspoon cloves
2 cups sugar

Wash berries.
Add vinegar and spices, boil for 30 minutes.
Add sugar and boil 30 minutes longer, or until thickened.
Stir occasionally to prevent scorching.
Pour into sterilized jars and seal.
Makes 2 pints.

Spiced Pickled Pumpkin

5 pounds pumpkin, pared and cut into 1-inch cubes
1 teaspoon whole cloves
1 Tablespoon broken stick cinnamon
1 quart vinegar
4 pounds sugar

Place pumpkin into kettle.
Tie spices into cheesecloth.
Add to vinegar with sugar and bring to a boil.
Boil 5 minutes.
Pour over pumpkin.
Cook pumpkin in this syrup until it can be pierced.
Place into sterilized jars and seal.
Makes 3 quarts.

Spiced Cranberries

2 quarts cranberries
1 1/3 cup vinegar
2/3 cup water
6 cups sugar
2 Tablespoons ground cinnamon
1 Tablespoon ground cloves
1 Tablespoon ground allspice

Wash cranberries and pick over.
Place in large kettle with remaining ingredients.
Cook slowly over low heat for 45 minutes.
Pour into sterilized jars and seal.
Makes 3 pints.

(Mincemeat pie was always served hot.  This is one of my dad's favorite old-time desserts.  His Auntie would serve it on the family homestead farm down in Rushford, Minnesota.)

4 pounds beef, diced
2 pounds beef suet (raw, solid white beef fat)
2 pounds sugar
2 pounds seedless raisins, chopped
2 pounds currants
4 pounds apples, chopped fine
1/2 pound citron, minced
1/2 pound candied lemon peel, minced
grated peel of 2 oranges
grated peel of 1 lemon
1 nutmeg, grated
1 Tablespoon cloves
1 Tablespoon cinnamon
1 teaspoon salt
1/2 cup orange juice
1/2 cup lemon juice
4 cups hard cider
2 cups brandy

Boil the meat and suet together until tender.
Drain and cool.
Force through the food chopper.
Mix all the remaining ingredients together, except the brandy.
Cook for 1 1/2 hours.
Add the liquor.
Pour into sterilized jars and seal.
Makes 12 quarts.

Spiced Currants

2 1/2 pounds ripe currants
2 pounds sugar
1 cup vinegar
1 Tablespoon cinnamon
1 1/2 teaspoon allspice
1 1/2 teaspoon cloves

Wash currants, stem.
Cook with sugar and vinegar over low heat for 1 hour.
Add spices.
Continue cooking 30 minutes.
Pour into sterilized jars and seal.
Makes 2 1/2 pints.

Paradise Jelly

4 quarts red apples or crab apples
12 quinces
2 quarts cranberries
granulated sugar

Wash apples and quinces, remove stem and blossom ends.
Cut into quarters.
Cover with cold water and cook until tender.
Wash cranberries and cook in 1 quart water until tender.
Pour apples, quinces, and cranberries into a jelly bag and let drain overnight.
Add an equal amount, cup for cup, of sugar and boil until it sheets of the spoon, about 10 minutes.
Skim, pour into sterilized jars and seal.
Makes about 7 pints.

Rhubarb Marmalade

4 pounds rhubarb
5 pounds sugar
1 pound seedless raisins
rind of 1 lemon, cut into shreds
juice of 2 oranges
1/2 teaspoon cloves
1 teaspoon cinnamon

Wash rhubarb and cut to 1-inch pieces.
Cover with sugar and let stand overnight.
Add remaining ingredients.
Heat to boiling.
Reduce heat and simmer 40 minutes, or until thick.
Stir to prevent burning.
Pour into sterilized glasses and seal.
Makes 4 pints.

 These next recipes are from the "Southern" section; "Away Down South in Dixie".

Blackberry Cordial
(I don't understand the math here.  I'm assuming there's a typo.  Is it suppose to be 1 quart of French brandy?  Otherwise it works out to a little less than 1/2 cup per pint.  A big difference.  Be brave!)

1 quart blackberry juice
4 cups sugar
1/2 Tablespoon mace
1 Tablespoon cinnamon
4 teaspoons cloves
1 pint French brandy

Combine all ingredients except brandy.
Boil together 15 minutes.
Cool and strain the syrup.
To each quart of juice, add 1 pint French brandy.
Bottle at once.
Cork and seal.
Makes 3 1/2 pints.

wild ginger

Apple Chutney
(Wild ginger grows in the south.)  They recommend this to be eaten with chicken or game.

1/3 pound wild ginger root (not interchangeable with tropical ginger root)
1 1/2 cup dried currants
2 1/2 ounces garlic
4 cups sugar
2 1/2 cups vinegar  (equal parts cider & tarragon)
3 pints apples, peeled and diced
1 pint fresh peaches, peeled and diced
1/2 teaspoon salt

Peel and mince wild ginger root fine.
Wash and drain currants.
Peel garlic cloves and cut in half.
Cook sugar, salt and vinegar together to a clear syrup.
Add ginger root.
Cook 20 minutes.
Add remaining ingredients, let simmer 5-6 hours over low heat, stirring occasionally.
The chutney should be the consistency of thick marmalade.
Fill sterilized jars and seal.
Makes 3 pints.

Pickled Watermelon Rind
(Just to make you homesick.)

2 pounds watermelon rind
1 Tablespoon cinnamon
1 teaspoon whole cloves
1 teaspoon whole allspice
2 pounds sugar
1 pint vinegar
1 pint water
1 lemon, sliced thin

Soak watermelon rind overnight in salt water:
  (1/4 cup salt to 1 quart water)
Drain off brine.
Cook watermelon rind in clear water until tender.
Tie spices in cheesecloth (Removing before rind is bottled.)
Make a hot pickling solution of remaining ingredients and spices.
Add drained rind.
Boil rapidly until rind becomes clear.
Fill sterilized jars and seal.
Makes 2 pints.

Guava Jam

4 cups sugar
5 pounds guavas
1 cup water

Boil sugar and water together until it spins a thread (238°F).
Halve guavas, remove stones.
Cook in a little water until soft.
Strain and add to syrup.
Cook until thick.
Pour into sterilized jars and seal.
Makes about 2 pints

Grapefruit and Pineapple Marmalade

1 pineapple
1 grapefruit
1 lemon

Pare pineapple and shred.
Cut grapefruit and lemon into quarters, then into thin slices.
Measure fruit.
Add 3 pints of water for each pint of fruit.
Set aside until next day.
Cook 3 or more hours, until rinds are very tender.
Set aside until next day.
Measure and add an equal amount of sugar.
Boil until it sheets off spoon.
Fill into sterilized jars and seal.
Makes about 3 pints.

May Haw Jelly

1 pound May haws (part under-ripe)
1 pint water

Wash May haws.
Cook with water until soft, 10-15 minutes.
Strain through wet cheesecloth.
Strain through flannel jelly bag.
Measure juice and bring to a boil.
Add 1 cup sugar  for each cup juice.
Cook to jelly stage.
Pour into sterilized jars and seal.
Makes 1 1/2 pints.

may haw tree

May Haw Butter

3 pounds May haws or 8 cups May haw pulp
2 quarts water
4 cups sugar

Wash May haws.
Cook with water until tender.
Rub through a sieve.
Add sugar to 8 cups pulp.
Cook until thick.
Pour into sterilized glasses and seal.
Makes about 3 pints.

Pear Chips

7 cups sugar
4 cups water
2 lemons, sliced thin
2 ounces crystallized ginger, chopped
4 pounds pears, sliced thin

Make a syrup of the sugar and water.
Add lemon, ginger, and pears.
Simmer for 1 hour.
Pour into sterilized jars and seal.
Makes about 4 pints.

Pear Marmalade

8 pounds ripe pears
3 oranges
2 lemons
12 cups sugar (6 pounds)

Wash, core, and grind pears,
Wash oranges and lemons, removing seeds and ends.
Grind whole fruit, skin and all.
Place all the fruit into kettle.
Add sugar, stir well.
Bring to a boil, cook until clear.
Pour into sterilized jars and seal.
Makes 8 pints.

Brazil nuts

Brazil Nut-Cherry Conserve

4 cups sour cherries
1/4 cup water
7 cups sugar
1 cup sliced Brazil nuts
1 cup fruit pectin

Pit cherries.
Place in large kettle, add water.
Stir until it boils.
Cover and simmer 15 minutes.
Add sugar and mix well.
Heat rapidly to boiling.
Add Brazil nuts, boil 3 minutes, stirring.
Remove from heat.
Stir in fruit pectin.
Cool 3 minutes.
Stir well.
Pour into sterilized jars and seal.
Makes about 3 1/2 pints.

Tomato Preserves

1 pound small, ripe tomatoes
Boiling water
1 1/2 cup sugar
1 lemon, sliced thin

Pour boiling water over tomatoes.
Cover tightly 2 minutes.
Cover with cold water.
Peel tomatoes, being careful not to break them.
Place sugar and tomatoes in a crock or enamel bowl,
let stand overnight.
Drain off juice and boil rapidly until it threads.
Add tomatoes and thinly sliced lemon.
Cook until clear and thick.
Fill sterilized jars and seal.
Makes about 1/2 pint.

It's late now, but I'm looking forward to continuing to record these regional preserves.  Next is the Pensylvania Dutch and the Creole.  Check back!

About Me

My photo
As long as I'm on this journey, rambling through life's exhilarating highs and trudging heavily amongst it's incapacitating lows, I might as well share whatever may be gleaned from my little bits of wisdom and my many missteps. No room for judgment from this broken mama. I'm writing from my heart: raw, open, messy, but saved. And I'm still thanking God!